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The National Assembly Building [Read more]
The National Assembly is located in Yeouido and is where all of the national level legislators work. Everything that generally has to do with national administration, legislation, public finances, checks on large government and transparency, national inspection and investigation, determination of seniority and approval of appointment, regulations pertaining to the National Assembly, etc., all can be seen. Also, various government facilities located on the premises are prepared to offer services to visitors.
The entire groinds are 330,580 m², and the building itself is 81,452 m². It has 7 floors as well as a basement and is the largest national legislation center in Asia. It took six years to construct and was completed in August of 1975. The style of the building is both modern but has many elements of traditional Korean architecture.
The National Assembly’s greenish-white dome was originally made with reddish copper plates but over time the plates have changed to what is now a green color. The diameter of the dome is 64 meters, and it weighs roughly 1,000 tons. The extremely heavy dome is supported by a gray eaves and parapet which are in turn supported by 24 pillars, 8 facing out on each side. The height of the pillars is 32.5 m. The 24 pillars together symbolize the traditional 24 periods of a lunar calendar while the 8 pillars you see on any given face of the building symbolize the 8 provinces of the Republic of Korea.
Furthermore, it is also said that the 24 pillars which surround it symbolize the various voices of the people and that the dome roof represents these opinions passing through debate and becoming one decision.
The National Assembly Library
The National Assembly Library has all of the resources necessary for the representatives of the national government. Regular people can use the facilities as well if they get a library card. In order to get a library card a Korean national has to present an identification card and a foreigner has to present their passport. There are over 70,000 volumes of books as well as 5,000 other documents. In addition, there is also every national law and ordinance as well as complete records of National Assembly meetings. It is estimated that 70% of the content is in reference to social studies.
Address: Seoul Youngdeungpo-gu Yeouido -dong 150-1701
Phone: National Assembly Library 02-788-4211
Directions: National Assembly Station (line 9), exits 1 and 5; Yeouido Station (line 5), exit 5, and then take either bus 162, 261 or 561.
Hours of operation: Monday to Friday, 9 am-10 pm (night visitation hours from 6-10 pm).
Saturday/Sunday: 9 am-5 pm.
Holidays: Each 2nd & 4th weekend as well as all official holidays (and the weekends of major holidays).
National Assembly Memorial Hall
The National Assembly Memorial Hall was finished on May 29th, 1998 on the 50th anniversary of the foundation of the National Assembly. The area consists of a 592 m² primary display area and a secondary 542 m² area for secondary displays, storage and for other displays.
The displays that visitors can see are the ‘The Path of the National Assembly’ (1st floor), ‘The National Assembly that Works with the People’ (2nd floor), and, in addition, there is a mock parliament room in the basement. The National Assembly Memorial Hall features all of the history of the National Assembly as well as facilities that let students & visitors get a closeup view of various National Assembly resources and displays. Visitors can hear the voice and see video of Dr. Syngman Rhee (Korea’s first president) as well as see all of the major climaxes of Korean politics in modern history in pictures. You can learn the reasoning behind the choices the National Assembly made at the many crucial points of Korean history.
The golden badges of National Assembly representatives and the original drafts of bills and even a silver ashtray can be seen on display. Also, the third display area that can be enjoyed was established on August 14th, 2001 with a theme of reunification and is equipped with various information and display pieces.
Address: Seoul Youngdeungpo-gu Yeouido –dong 150-701
Directions: National Assembly Station (line 9), exit 1 or 5; Yeouido Station (line 5), exit 5, and then take either bus 162, 261, 262 or 461.
Hours of operation: Weekdays 9 am-6 pm (admittance until 5 pm)
Weekend: 9 am-5 pm (the parliamentary conference room cannot be seen on weekends)
Holidays: All national holidays that do not fall on weekends.